Archaeology is the study of important events and activities throughout the beginning of life. It deals with the past living civilizations, Creatures, life and culture through investigation of records and sculptures , documenting data, Artifact analysis, Structural residue and surrounding Domain. Learning Archaeology can be Fascinating. This course in India is available both at graduate and post graduate levels.
Archaeology Courses in India
The Courses in India are dependent on architecture, artifacts, features, bio-facts, and landscapes for its study material. It is a subset of anthropology as it analyzes human cultures.
Archaeology is interdisciplinary in nature as it requires the assistance of many other sciences and humanities subjects for finding different forms of evidence and research. At its most basic, the artefacts found are cleaned, catalogued and compared to published collections, in order to classify them typologically and to identify other sites with similar artefact assemblages. Archaeology professional is known as an Archaeologist. An Archaeologist studies architectural relics or monuments and analyzes the data and write reports on their findings.
Archaeology focuses on ancient and old cultures and civilizations and their social and cultural composition. All of this is done through research, excavations, analysis, interpreting and documenting the discovered evidence. Ancient civilizations expressed their cultural richness through more ways besides writing, challenging archaeology to find creative ways to complete their complex historical puzzle using innovative new means and creative solutions.
Students who enrol in a Master’s degree in archaeology cam specialize in one of the field’s main sub-disciplines: historical archaeology, ethno-archaeology and experimental archaeology. However, since a significant amount of evidence has been discovered, modern archaeology now is a processual discipline, that follows science and evidence that can be tested using modern technology.
Archaeology involves a lot of practice, so that students can quickly develop observation and analytical skills. A Master’s degree in archaeology places students on the employment market as archaeologists, heritage managers, museum education officers, museum/gallery curators or even as archivists or cartographers.
Further Education and Specializations
- Aerial Archaeology: The study of archaeological remains by examining them from altitude.
- Archaeoastronomy: Interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary study of how people in the past “have understood the phenomena in the sky” in their Culture.
- Computational Archaeology: Computer-based analytical methods for the study of long-term human behavior and behavioral evolution.
- Experimental Archaeology: Field of study which attempts to generate and test archaeological hypotheses.
- Ethnoarchaeology: The ethnographic study of peoples for archaeological reasons through the study of the material remains of a Civilization.
- Forensic Archaeology: Study to the search and recovery of evidential material from crime scenes, human remains Etc.
- Historical Archaeology: Deals with places, things, and issues from the past or present when written records and oral traditional information and cultural material.
- Maritime Archaeology: Studies human interaction with the sea, lakes and rivers.
- Zooarchaeology: The branch of archaeology that studies faunal remains related to ancient people.
Syllabus for Archaeology
- Principles and Methods of Archaeology
- Structural Conservation of Monuments
- Chemical Preservation of Monuments and Antiquities
- Research Projects
- Archaeological Field work
- Objectives Study
Work of Archaeologist in its Field
Documenting and explaining the origins and development of human cultures. Understanding culture history, factual and detailed way cultural evolution and studying human behavior and ecology for both prehistoric and historic civilization events. Learning of the existence and behaviors of people of the past written material records are a fair representation of civilization, some written records are incomplete and biased therefore they re-checked and prepared.
Those who are willing to study Archaeology for there graduation should have studied History as a subject in 10+2 (Arts Students mainly, but there’s no any background restrictions. Just need Peer Knowledge in History and Keen Intrest)
Bachelors in any Field can choose to pursue a graduate diploma or degree course in archaeology. However, graduates in history, social sciences like sociology, anthropology are given preference, Because they were already been, skilled History Students
Important Entrance tests for Joining this Course:
- SLET (State Level Eligibility Test)
- NET(National Eligibility Test)
Most Preferred Colleges of Archaeology
- Institute of Archaeology (ASI)
- National Museum Institute, New Delhi
- Delhi Institute of Heritage Research & Management
- Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad University, Baroda
- University of Madras
- Tamil University, Thanjavur
Carrier Opportunities and Job Prospects:
Archaeology provides students with interest based career options. means you can continue learning along with joining great professions like teaching. While some of them can seek a good career in museums, libraries, universities and best research institutes dedicated to history.
Salary or Pay-scale in Career
This Profession is more of an Intrest based rather than pay based. if you are willing to join this because you are expecting a good pay then you are choosing the wrong field. the salary here provided is low. but the work exposure and facilities you’ll get here are remarkably great. You get access to the top museums, Galleries, Conferences, Libraries, Historic Places from the authorities you work with.
Basic archaeologists salary of a person employed with the ASI is between Rs. 10,000 and Rs. 12,000 as an assistant archaeologist which can go up to Rs. 30,000 and up to Rs. 35,000 on reaching the post of director-general (7th pay commission is involved so salary increases).
Carrier Types and Opportunities
- Heritage Conservators
- Tourist Guides
- Heritage Managers
- Interpreters and Guides
- Resource Persons
- Heritage Trip Organisers
- Research / Documentation Officer
- Project Associates
- History Project Assistants
Industries Involved in this Field
- Tourism Industry
- Cultural Centres
- Universities and Institutions
- Underwater Archaeology Wing
- Defense Services
- Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
- Historical Division of the Ministry of External Affairs in the Goveronment
There are many new opportunities comes in every field. some times people get exceptionally well repay by doing or creating new and innovative things. Stay connected with us for more Updates.